Although vascular malformations are present at birth, they are not necessarily visible right away. It is currently understood that vascular malformations occur during the developmental stage of the arteries, veins and lymph vessels. However, research is ongoing to determine whether there is a hereditary factor in most or all cases. As it stands, only hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia has been established as having a genetically inherited cause.
The symptoms of vascular malformations vary and are largely determined by location on the body. Venous and lymphatic malformations can cause localized pain accompanied by a lump under the skin. The presence of a visible birthmark is not unusual, which may bleed or leak fluid. Infection is also common and will require treatment. Arteriovenous malformations are also associated with pain and have the potential to put stress on the heart. When located in close proximity to major organs, bleeding is also a concern. Pulmonary arteriovenous is more commonly associated with symptoms including shortness of breath, fatigue and coughing up blood. There is an increased risk of stroke or brain abscess with this type of vascular malformation.
The diagnosis of vascular malformations may involve a physical evaluation or the use of an MRI. The Vascular Birthmark Center can provide a consultation and evaluation at our offices, performed by Dr. Greg Levitin, who is a leading figure in the diagnosis and treatment of vascular birthmarks and malformations.
Vascular Malformations Treatment
There are a number of treatment options available for vascular malformations, depending on the location and depth of the malformation. Non-surgical treatments include interventional radiology and the use of an artificial embolus (air bubble or clot). The Vascular Birthmark Center can provide treatments for malformations including angiokeratoma, port-wine stains, venous malformations and much more.
- Arteriovenous Malformations
- Capillary Malformations
- Chiari Malformation
- Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome
- Lymphatic Malformations
- Midline Venular Malformations
- Port-Wine Stains
- Venous Malformations
Dr. Greg Levitin uses advanced evaluation tools and techniques to diagnose and treat vascular malformations effectively. Venous and lymphatic malformations have an associated risk of nerve damage of up to 50%. However, at the Vascular Birthmark Center, Dr. Levitin has perfected the use of an advanced intraoperative nerve monitoring system which reduces that risk to less than 1% for our patients.
When you choose the Vascular Birthmark Center, you will also benefit from Dr. Levitin’s experience as a plastic surgeon, specializing in otolaryngology (head and neck surgery). We have offices in New York and Los Angeles and work closely with patients to ensure that both evaluations and treatment are as convenient as possible.
Contact us today if you would like a vascular malformation evaluation with Dr. Levitin, or take advantage of a free consultation via our website.